《山水與草》中的中西交融 Dotted Landscapes

畫於1996年的《中式山水系列:山水與草》,是著名美國普普藝術家羅伊李奇登斯坦(Roy Lichtenstein)「中國式山水」作品系列中,最常作展覽的其中一幅畫。該系列大型畫作在上世紀90年代中創作,波士頓美術館及紐約大都會藝術博物館各收藏了一幅。
Among iconic American pop artist Roy Lichtenstein’s Landscapes in the Chinese Style series, his Landscape with Grass (1996) is exhibited most often. Painted in the 1990s, paintings from the series can be found in Boston Museum of Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s collections.

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[dropcap custom_class=”normal”]油[/dropcap]畫高近3米,前景幾棵曲折小草先引人入景,背後的藍點如霧似煙,在畫布上層層遞進,似是萬里迷霧的山景,隨景深逐漸消逝。畫側的一道黃帶,呼應中國及日本卷軸畫的裱褙技巧,李奇登斯坦卻戲筆,把其中一棵草的葉尖畫到黃帶上。

「中式山水系列」作品的出現,來自一次李奇登斯坦參觀展覽的經歷。某日,他看過埃德加德加風景畫畫展,看着那些粉彩及單版印刷的版畫,筆觸極簡卻能道出風景,啓發他嘗試探索中國山水作為創作靈感的可行性。事實上,對於中國山水畫以至東方藝術,李奇登斯坦素來深感興趣。多年來,他閱讀書籍不勝枚舉,也愛在博物館及私人收藏家處博覽畫作,難怪見識淵博,更深受宋代畫作啟發感染,把精萃全匯聚於《中式山水系列:山水與草》裏。

他曾經這樣說:「事緣是這樣的,我在想着萬丈高的延綿山脈及一艘小漁船,像一幅卷畫軸。一座座的山由無盡小點形成,在山嵐之間,隨水平線上漸去。這看起猶似一幅中國畫軸,卻很機械化。」(節錄自Jo Ann Lewis著《李奇登斯的東方落日》)。據說,李奇登斯坦在創作「中式山水系列」的過程,是先在紙上設計圖畫布局,然後製作原來一半大小的拼貼畫,當中運用了顏色紙屑,就像亨利馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)的剪畫。

細看《中式山水系列:山水與草》裏的綠色、黃色和紅色元素,包括那無甚實質作用的葉子,在有如機械式的點陣之上,也不過是陪襯品,為畫作加添質感,以及令人以為這是即興之作。這技法一方面誤導觀眾,同時亦啟迪了他們。我們眼看的是風景,同時也看到風景是如何建構出來。

[dropcap custom_class=”normal”]T[/dropcap]he Landscapes in the Chinese Style series was inspired by a visit to an exhibition. Lichtenstein had gone to see a exhibition of Edgar Degas’ landscape paintings, which featured pastel, monochromatic prints that were able to convey the features of a landscape with just a few strokes. This inspired him to look to Chinese landscape paintings for further inspiration. The influence of Song dynasty landscapes is evident in Landscape with Grass. He uses his signature Benday dots to construct the landscape, and has elements that are reminiscent of Henri Matisse’s paper cut out collages.

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《中式山水系列:山水與草》
Landscape With Grass

藝術家:羅伊李奇登斯坦(Roy Lichtenstein)
素材:油畫、壓克力樹脂顏料、畫布
年份:1996年
估價:港幣$25,000,000-$35,000,000
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百達翡麗珍罕名表
Rare Patek Philippe Timepieces

兩枚獨一無二的精品時計,帶有濃厚的古典之美。根據專家團隊推測,腕表應該是同一位尊貴客戶向百達翡麗特別訂製,都是較大尺寸的三問裝置;並同樣配置獨特的黑色劍針和黑色時標設計。兩枚時計的表是由知名天才匠人Emile Vichet製成,所有的表印記皆清晰可見。百達翡麗的三問腕表品質優良、歷史悠久,第一枚於1901年面世。

These two unique timepieces are assumed to have been commissioned from Patek Philippe by the same distinguished client, because they are larger in size than the usual minute repeaters. The cases were made by legendary craftsman Emile Vichet.

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百達翡麗18K黃金三問腕表
Patek Phillipe 18K Minute Repeater

型號:2524/1(左)
年份:1954年製
估價:港幣$3,200,000-$6,500,000

型號:2419(右)
年份:1946年製
估價:港幣$5,000,000-$10,000,000
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極品中國古陶瓷
Precious Chinese Ceramics

此兩件拍賣品屬「養德堂」陶瓷收藏品中的精品。「養德堂」主人楊醫師是著名的中國文物資深收藏家,收藏範圍涵蓋歷代陶瓷、高古玉器及現代藝術。

成對的龍泉窯「飛青瓷」褐斑蒜頭瓶器形典雅,釉水厚潤,每件周身飾褐斑19個,排布得當,繁而不亂。「飛青瓷」數量稀少,歷來為鑒藏家所珍視,成對保存更是絕無僅有。

而鈞窯天青釉紫斑大缽亦屬罕見珍品,河南省長葛縣石固窖藏出土有一件鈞窯天藍釉大盌,但為淺束口。本件珍品的深束口和外撇圈足或是由石固窖藏例子的器形發展而來。

These two lots are from the well-known Yang De Tang ceramic collection, which includes important early ceramics, ancient jade and modern art pieces. This extremely rare pair of Longquan Tobi Seiji garlic mouth bottle vases are decorated with 19 iron-brown spots is highly desired among collectors. This very rare larege Jun kiln azure blue bowl was found in the Shigu hoard in Henan Province. It has a well-articulated waist and spreading foot that are characteristic of pieces from the Shigu hoard.

龍泉窯「飛青瓷」褐斑蒜頭瓶一對
A pair of Longquan Tobi Seiji vases
(左)

朝代:元(1279-1368)
估價:港幣$15,000,000 – $25,000,000

鈞窯天青釉紫斑大缽
Purple-splashed Jun bowl
(右)

朝代:北宋/金(960-1644)
估價:港幣$4,000,000 – $6,000,000
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太陽國際拍賣行
Sun International Auction Limited

地址:香港干諾道中168-200號信德中心招商局大廈34樓
Address: 34/F, China Merchants Tower, Shun Tak Centre, 168-200 Connaught Road Central, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong
電話 Tel:+852 2251 3300